Kontribusi Indonesia dalam Peacekeeping Mission di Lebanon sebagai Implementasi Diplomasi Pertahanan


  • Tsabita Afifah Khoirunnisa Universitas Brawijaya
  • R. AJ. Feyfil Jannah Universitas Brawijaya
  • Mafazati Qonita Universitas Brawijaya
  • Dena Caristy Tjondrodewi Universitas Brawijaya




This study aims to find out more about how the conditions in Lebanon lead Indonesia to uphold peace by mobilizing its energy in peacekeeping operations. This study shows how Indonesia has participated in participating together with the peace organization UNIFIL (United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon) in carrying out its free-active politics by sending the Garuda Contingent (KONGA) to several conflict areas in Lebanon. Indonesia's participation in this program is a manifestation of its foreign policy in the form of defence diplomacy, further this research discusses how the contingent sent by Indonesia became one of Indonesia's defence diplomacy. Defence diplomacy is one of the defence strategies that refers to ends, means, and ways that can give birth to several policies taken by Indonesia in which Indonesian defence diplomacy is a form of soft diplomacy which is one way to achieve a country's national interest.


Astrina, Retno, A., & Santoso, P. (2012). Dilema Minimum Essential Force: Studi Minimum Essential Force sebagai Frameworks Kebijakan Pertahanan.

Azhar, F., Anwar, S., & Reksoprodjo, A. H. S. (2013). Diplomasi Pertahanan Indonesia Melalui Lomba Tembak Di Australian Army Skill At Arms Meeting (AASAM). 49–73.

Budyanto Putro Sudarsono, Jonni Mahroza, S. D. W. (2018). INDONESIA DEFENSE DIPLOMACY IN ACHIEVING NATIONAL INTEREST. Jurnal Pertahanan & Bela Negara, 69–88.

Charillon, F., Balzacq, T., & Ramel, F. (2020). Defense Diplomacy. In T. Balzacq, F. Ramel, & F. Charillon (Eds.), Global Diplomacy: An Introduction to Theory and Practice. Palgrave Macmillan.

Cheyre, J. E. (2013). Defence Diplomacy. In The Oxford Handbook of Modern Diplomacy. Oxford University Press.

Cottey, A., & Forster, A. (2004). Reshaping Defence Diplomacy: New Roles for Military Cooperation and Assistance (T. Huxley, Ed.). New York: Routledge.

Ebitz, A. (2019). The use of military diplomacy in great power competition: lessons learned from the Marshall Plan. Retrieved from Brookings Institute website: https://www.brookings.edu/blog/order-from-chaos/2019/02/12/the-use-of-military-diplomacy-in-great-power-competition/

Embassy of the Republic of Indonesia. (2020). Indonesia’s Contribution to World Peace is Undeniable. Retrieved from Embassy of the Republic of Indonesia Washington DC website: https://www.embassyofindonesia.org/indonesias-contribution-to-world-peace-is-undeniable/

Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces. (2007). Defence Attaches. Retrieved November 14, 2021, from Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces website: https://www.files.ethz.ch/isn/38583/dcaf-backgrounder-defence-attaches.pdf

Inkiriwang, F. W. (2021). ‘Garuda shield’ vs ‘sharp knife’: operationalising Indonesia’s defence diplomacy. The Pacific Review, 34(6).

Itsnaini, F. M. (2021). Misi Garuda: Peran Indonesia Menjaga Perdamaian Dunia Lewat Kontingen Garuda. Retrieved November 15, 2021, from DetikNews website: https://news.detik.com/berita/d-5491938/misi-garuda-peran-indonesia-menjaga-perdamaian-dunia-lewat-kontingen-garuda

Kementerian Pertahanan Republik Indonesia. (2015). Buku Putih Pertahanan Indonesia. Jakarta: Kementerian Pertahanan Republik Indonesia.

Laksamana, E. A. (2011). Defence Diplomacy in Southeast Asia: Trends, Prospects and Challenges. In From “Boots†to “Broguesâ€: The Rise of Defence Diplomacy in Southeast Asia. S. Rarajatnam School of International Studies.

Muniruzzaman, A. N. M. (2020). Defence Diplomacy: A Powerful Tool of Statecraft. CLAWS Journal, 13(2).

Nailufar, N. N. (2020). Kontigen Garuda dalam Misi Pemelihara Perdamaian PBB. Retrieved November 15, 2021, from KOMPAS.com website: https://www.kompas.com/skola/read/2020/03/04/160000469/kontingen-garuda-dalam-misi-pemeliharaan-perdamaian-pbb

Nashrullah, N. (2020). Alasan Mengapa Israel Beringas Terhadap Hizbullah di Lebanon. Retrieved November 29, 2021, from Republika website: https://www.republika.co.id/berita/qd5a36320/alasan-mengapa-israel-beringas-terhadap-hizbullah-di-lebanon

Pramono, B. (2020). Defense Diplomacy and Country Existence. Journal of Defense Resources Management, 11(2).

Rachmat, A. N. (2016). Diplomasi Publik Indonesia melalui Kontigen Garuda/UNIFIL Tentara Nasional Indonesia di Lebanon Selatan. Jurnal Ilmiah Hubungan Internasional UNPAR, 12(1), 1–14.

Samy, M., & Kusumadewi, J. A. (2021). Diplomasi Pertahanan Militer Indonesia dalam Menghadapi Ancaman Keamanan Non-Tradisional: Upaya Mewujudkan Visi Poros Maritim Dunia. Jurnal Hubungan Internasional, 14(1).

Saragih, H. M. (2018). Diplomasi Pertahanan Indonesia dalam Konflik Laut China Selatan. Jurnal Ilmu Politik Dan Komunikasi, 8(1).

Syawfi, I. (2009). Aktivitas Diplomasi Pertahanan Indonesia dalam Pemenuhan Tujuan-Tujuan Pertahanan.

Tan, S. S., & Singh, B. (2012). Introduction. Asian Security, 8(3).

Tentara Nasional Indonesia. (2020). Kontingen Garuda Indobatt XXIII-N/Unifil Cegah Pertikaian Senjata Tentara Israel Dengan Tentara Lebanon di Perbatasan Kedua Negara. Retrieved November 15, 2021, from Tentara Nasional Indonesia website: https://tni.mil.id/view-180187-kontingen-garuda-indobatt-xxiii-nunifil-cegah-pertikaian-senjata-tentara-israel-dengan-tentara-lebanon-di-perbatasan-kedua-negara.html


UNIFIL. (1978a). UNIFIL Mandate. Retrieved November 15, 2021, from UNIFIL website: https://unifil.unmissions.org/unifil-mandate

UNIFIL. (1978b). United Nations Interim Force In Lebanon. Retrieved November 15, 2021, from United Nations Interim Force In Lebanon website: https://unifil.unmissions.org/

United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon. (1978). UNIFIL Fact Sheet. Retrieved from United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon website: https://peacekeeping.un.org/en/mission/unifil

Wilson, I. (2003). Educating the Post-Modern U.S. Army Strategic Planner: Improving the Organizational Construct.

Winger, G. (2014). The Velvet Gauntlet: a theory of defense diplomacy. What Do Ideas Do, 15, 6.